Paving & Driveways Tips & Tricks

Archives November 2020

SLAS Maintaining Your RV Air Conditioners

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Having your air conditioner in tip-top condition when summer is round the corner should be your top priority, especially if you have a RV air conditioner. In fact, RV air conditioners should be maintained on a regular basis as they have many parts such as motors, compressors and other components. Absence of regular maintenance can lead to expensive repair bills that could spoil the entire fun of the summer vacations.

central Air Conditioners

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Having your air conditioner in tip-top condition when summer is round the corner should be your top priority, especially if you have a RV air conditioner. In fact, RV air conditioners should be maintained on a regular basis as they have many parts such as motors, compressors and other components. Absence of regular maintenance can lead to expensive repair bills that could spoil the entire fun of the summer vacations.

RV air conditioners are similar to split system air conditioners with the condenser and compressor units installed outside on the roof and the air-cooling unit installed inside on the ceiling. One cooling unit is enough for an entire office space but if the space is over 35 feet in length, you may need two units. With the summer round the corner, here are some tips to keep the RV in good operating condition.

The filter should be changed or washed at least once a month. Disposable filters should be replaced once a month when the RV air conditioner is in use and the reusable filters should be washed with water and left to drip dry before reinstallation. You must avoid having clogged filters, as they would lead to less efficiency, higher running costs and potential problems with other components of the system such as the evaporator coil. A damp cloth with a little detergent should be used to clean the entire unit to remove dirt and dust.

The RV air conditioner’s efficiency could be seriously impaired if the evaporator coil is not kept clean and free of damage. Since this coil is located on the back of the rooftop, it is most vulnerable to damage caused by trees, leaves and other environmental hazards. Moreover the cold refrigerant is circulated in these coils. It is, therefore, necessary to clean these coils with a soft bristled brush to remove accumulated dirt. It would be a good idea to provide shields for the fins and coils.

As a lot of condensation might occur due to the external location of the RV air conditioners, the gasket seal between the ceiling and the bottom of the unit should be checked regularly. The drainage holes in the condensate pan should be cleared of debris such as leaves. To avoid leakage of the condensate into the RV, clogs must be removed at the earliest.

Before going on a summer trip, you should start your RV air conditioner and make sure that all systems like the fan and temperature controls work properly. The power source should be sufficient for running a RV air conditioner. A 15-amp extension cord to the RV air conditioner might not be sufficient to deliver the power required to run this unit. You must check the power requirement especially the amperage and then make suitable arrangements to install proper switches and circuit breakers. Insufficient power can lead to serious damage to motors, compressors and other components.

If you want to enjoy the summer with your RV air conditioner, you must ensure proper and regular maintenance of the same.

Managing Cravings with EFT

There are several ways to manage cravings including:

Attempting to simply stop eating the food you crave (out of sight out of mind).
Modifying your eating habits around a particular food, i.e. cut back on the quantity or how often you indulge.
Use EFT to address whatever is driving you to this attachment to this particular food and end the cravings for good.

What Doesn’t Work:
Stop Eating the Food you Crave
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Modifying your behavior can be successful, but it can also be difficult because even though we want to change, it seems that despite our best efforts, we still find ourselves craving the same things, day after day. It is the “how” that stops us. How can we change a behavior that is a habitual response? How can we stop doing what we don’t want to do? There are literally thousands of diet and weight loss books and most offer nothing more useful than the “eat less, exercise more” advice. If it were simply a matter of doing what we know we should do, there would be no obesity epidemic, but it’s not that simple. We need to know HOW.
What Does Work:
Use EFT to end the Attachment to a Particular Food
EFT is often helpful to diminish or demolish the cravings. It can be your HOW. How to change habits that you want to be rid of, how to create new, better habits, that support what you want, instead of what you don’t. EFT is simple to learn, and effective.
If you don’t yet know how to do EFT, read this brief explanation, then download and print the worksheets, instructions and reminders all in one convenient PDF packet.
Stop Talking Yourself Into It
You’ve said you are going to stop nighttime snacking, and then the voices start, “I’ve been good all day, I deserve a treat, just one won’t hurt…” You’re basically talking yourself into it, and then you’re off and running to the kitchen. Most of us find that once we say yes to that voice, there’s no holding ourselves back.
As soon as you realize you are doing the “talk myself into it” routine, start using EFT immediately. Catching yourself in the act is difficult at first, but if you keep an open mind, you will start to notice. No matter where you are or what you are doing, you can instantly perform an EFT procedure on yourself, and get quick results. You don’t need to wait until later, until the atmosphere is just right, or until you are alone or somewhere you can relax. You can do it while driving, you can do it in a crowd standing on the corner.
Examples of EFT for Ending Cravings
The first round you might notice the craving is somewhat reduced (or it could disappear entirely), but it will likely be lessened. Once you have done one round, re-rate your desire for the food, and if it is still high (more than a six), do another round of EFT right then:
Set-up: “Even though I still want to eat _________, I’m fine just the way I am.”
Reminder: “Still want to eat _________.”
While I’m doing the EFT round, I might find myself thinking things such as, “It’s not that I want to eat them all, it’s just that once I start I can’t stop.”
So, for the next round I’ll use that statement:
Set-up: “Even though I can’t stop eating cookies once I get started, I deeply and completely accept myself anyway.”
Say the “even though” part with gusto, you really mean it! You are okay, just the way you are.
Reminder: “Can’t stop”
This round might lead to, “That’s not true, I can decide how much I want, I just don’t want to limit myself,” so the next round might be:
Set-up: “Even though I hate to limit myself, I deeply and completely…” or “Even though I don’t want to limit myself,” or whatever words fit your situation.
Reminder: “No limits”
Make this process yours and let your personal thoughts guide you. Doing this will help you unearth core issues and beliefs you may not have realized were there.
More often than not what happens with these simple and effective techniques is you will stop using them. Not because they don’t work, but because they do. You will stop because you aren’t ready to give up your eating habits – you like the food, you enjoy the taste, the pleasure you gain from the eating is greater than the pleasure you anticipate by making a change in your habits. It’s as if you say to yourself, “Screw it, I don’t care. I want it now, and I’m going to have it.” Much like a small child, you are simply feeding your instant desire, and that’s okay too.
Be gentle with yourself. Realize you will do this on occasion, and accept it. It doesn’t make you a failure, it simply proves you are human. Accept yourself as you are. If you make a commitment to do the EFT exercises, even though you don’t want to, you will reach success.
In my work reluctance to do something that will work explains why people continue to seek something new. They read new books, they try new diets (witness Atkins, now South Beach Diet), they ask each other (usually their overweight friends) what they are doing (why not ask someone without a weight problem instead?). The answer is they don’t really want to make a change for the better, they just want the easy fix. Give me a pill, a simple food plan, make it easy for me, and I’ll do it. I can keep on any plan for the short-term, lose some weight, then as I’m gaining it back I can just blame myself. It’s my fault for stopping the diet. It’s my fault, for not staying on the plan.
This is not a healthy way to live. Take back your power. You decide what you will or won’t do every day. Stop giving that power to others – stop blaming yourself for not staying on someone else’s plan, and make your own plan.
This is the single most important thing in anyone’s change process: Realizing what you want for your health, your body, your life, is more important than what you get by the instant gratification.

SLAS A Brief History of Swimming Pools

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An informative article that explore the history and origins of the swimming pool.

swimming pool, pools, swimming

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Swimming is, by far, one of the most popular pastimes in the world. It is also one of the oldest. As an organized activity, swimming dates back to around 2500 BC. Swimming was immensely popular in ancient Egypt, and there are a number of relics from the period which depict the act of swimming in vivid and awe-inspiring detail. In ancient Greece and Rome, swimming was taught to boys as part of their elementary school curriculum. Furthermore, the first known public swimming pools were built in Rome.

Under the direction of a wealthy Roman lord named Gaius Maecenas, the first heated swimming pool was also built for public use. Plato, himself, once declared that anyone who could not swim lacked a proper education. Who dares to argue with him? Aside from the Greeks and Romans, many other ancient cultures have left evidence of their love for swimming; among them the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Phoenicians. There is also evidence of competitive swimming in Japan over 2000 years ago.

In the 1830’s, swimming became extremely popular in England with the establishment of various swim clubs. At the time, the breaststroke was the most oft used technique. In 1885, Captain Matthew Webb became the first man to swim across the English Channel and the breaststroke was his technique of choice. Two of the most popular swim clubs from the time were The Otter Swimming Club and The Leander Swimming Club.

In 1896, the first of the modern Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece. Naturally, competitive swimming played a significant role. The swimming event was held in the Aegean Sea, in the bay of Zea. The gold medalist for the swimming event was a fellow named Alfred Hoyos Guttman. Of the event, he said that his greatest struggle “was against the towering twelve-foot waves and the terribly cold water.” Swimming continues to play a prominent role in the Olympic Games.

Swimming continues to be the sport of choice for many of today’s athletes. Most cities have public swimming facilities, where you can swim for competitively or merely for fun. In fact, a number of public swimming areas also offer lessons for a very reasonable price. If you are a keen swimmer, you might even consider installing a pool in your backyard. With summer just around the corner, it would be a good time to start planning.

Male Infertility and Glutathione

Are You Half The Man Your Father Was?
It is a well-known fact that sperm counts have dropped by half in the last 50 years, and that modern men have 20 percent less semen volume than their fathers (BMJ, 1992, volume 305).
A recent report from researchers in Aberdeen presented preliminary data that suggests the sperm concentration of the men seen in their clinic had declined by 29% over the past 14 years. (British Fertility Society; 5 January 2004)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and endocrine-disrupting chemicals from normal, everyday plastics are known to cause reproductive damage, as documented in Theo Colborn’s book “Our Stolen Future.”
Damage to sperm caused by exposure to common chemicals like alcohol, pesticides in food, has been linked to lowered intelligence and behavioral disorders in children.
Lifestyle risk factors known to decrease sperm quality include

Cigarette smoking
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Nutritional deficiencies.

Other reasons for infertility include congenital factors, and health conditions like prostatitis and diabetes that can affect sperm production.
Pollution is stealing our future, and there’s little anyone can do to avoid it. There may not be a lot you can do to reduce your exposure to persistent environmental toxins.
But there are definite measures you can take to reduce the impact of the environmental pollutants and toxins on your body.
You can prevent and, to a certain extent, repair the damage they cause to your body, through a better lifestyle and nutrition.
Some nutritional therapies and antioxidants that have proven beneficial in treating male infertility and improving sperm counts, sperm morphology and motility include:

Vitamin B-12
Vitamin C
Vitamin E
Coenzyme Q10

Studies show that anti-oxidant supplementation – glutathione in particular – can improve sperm quality, and possibly increase your chances of conceiving.
If you smoke, drink, are exposed to stress, chemicals, radiation, pesticides or take medication or drugs (like sulfasalazine, ketoconazole, azulfidine, anabolic steroids, marijuana) that affect fertility, you should consider taking an antioxidant supplement to reverse some of the damage.
Why are Antioxidants Important for Sperm Quality?
Mammalian spermatozoa are coated by a membrane rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. These fatty acids are extremely susceptible to oxidative damage by free radicals or Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) by a process called lipid peroxidation (LPO).
Lipid peroxidation damages the sperm cell membrane. It is considered to be the key mechanism of ROS-induced sperm damage and leads to

Loss of sperm motility
Abnormal sperm morphology
Reduced capacity for oocyte penetration

To protect sperm from damage, the body depends on powerful antioxidant enzymes in the body such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase/reductase (GPX/GRD).
Seminal plasma and spermatozoa have several antioxidant enzymes – glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase.
Some amount of all the antioxidant enzymes, which may protect spermatozoa from oxidative attack, are also made by the epididymis during storage.
The glutathione peroxidase/reductase enzymes play a central role in the defense against oxidative damage in human sperm.
Why is Glutathione important for Sperm Quality and Fertility?
A decrease in levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) during sperm production is known to disrupt the membrane integrity of spermatozoa due to increased oxidative stress.
Intracellular glutathione levels of spermatozoa are known to be decreased in certain populations of infertile men. Compared with a control group, the infertile men in all groups had significantly higher levels of ROS and lower levels of total antioxidants.
There is strong clinical evidence to show that men diagnosed with infertility have high levels of oxidative stress that may impair the quality of their sperm.
In some groups, higher levels of ROS were associated with lower sperm counts and defective sperm structure, while lower antioxidant levels correlated with reduced sperm movement.
Previous evidence has also shown that oxidative stress can decrease a sperm’s life span, its motility, and its ability to penetrate the oocyst, or egg cell.
Up to 40% of men with unexplained male infertility have higher levels of free radical activity in their bodies.
Because men with high levels of ROS have a seven-fold lower likelihood of inducing a pregnancy than men with lower levels, researchers recommend that treatment for infertile men should include strategies to reduce oxidative stress and improve sperm quality.
How can Glutathione help in the Treatment of Infertility?
Glutathione is not only vital to sperm antioxidant defenses, but selenium and glutathione are essential to the formation of “phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase” – an enzyme present in spermatids – which becomes a structural protein in the mid-piece of mature spermatozoa.
When either substance is deficient, it can lead to instability of the mid-piece of the spermatozoa, resulting in defective motility.
Free radical scavengers – such as glutathione – that restore the structure and function of poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the cell membrane, can be used to treat these cases.
In a double-blind cross-over study of twenty infertile men, treatment with glutathione led to a statistically significant improvement of the sperm quality.
The study concerned men in whom the sperm quality was poor due to unilateral varicocele or germ-free genital tract inflammation – two conditions in which ROS or other toxic compounds are indicated as causative factors.
Treatment with glutathione was also found to have a statistically significantly positive effect on sperm motility (in particular forward motility) and on sperm morphology.
The findings of these studies indicate that glutathione therapy could represent a possible therapeutical tool in cases where ROS or exposure to toxins is the probable cause of infertility.
Read the complete report with references on Male Infertility and Glutathione
Copyright © 2004 Priya Shah

SLAS Maintaining The Clean Carpet Look

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Tips on keeping your commercial carpets looking new for many years.

Carpet, carpet cleaning, flooring

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Are you frustrated that your carpets look nothing like they did when you first bought them? Probably, so are many other homeowners. Well, there are fortunately some things once can do to prevent carpet disasters as the one we have mentioned above.

Vacuuming is an essential step to keeping carpets clean. Many of us hate to vacuum yet are angered at the fact that our carpets continue to get dirtier and dirtier. If youre serious about maintaining your carpet, you need to do vacuum a minimum of once a week  not just when your carpet looks a bit dirty. You also want to take care of spills and messes right away. Allowing these to linger on your carpet for long could cause problems later down the road.
We touched on stains a bit in the above paragraph. What you have to understand is that stains need to be tended to promptly. Otherwise, they can remain in the carpet fibers and create an unsightly focal point. Anytime you see a fresh stain develop on your carpet, get a cloth on it and absorb the moisture. Some special solution for stains may assist in removing it from the fibers.

Even with regular vacuuming, carpets need a bit of some extra care. Shampoo is up to this task. Your carpets should be shampooed a minimum of two times a year, depending on what type of abuse your carpet has seen. If a family member constantly travels around the house with chemically-contaminated shoes and materials, it might be best to get your carpets shampooed more often. You can find a cleaning machine at most local stores  including your local grocery store. Make sure to keep your carpet vacant as it will remain wet for a few hours following the cleaning process. Placing some fans in the room should help expedite the process.

SLAS A Brief History of Sewing Machines

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Initially, sewing machines were manufactured for garment factory production lines, allowing for clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. It was French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier who invented the first functioning sewing machine in 1830 for use in his garment factory.

Sewing Machines, Industrial Sewing Machines, Embroidery Sewing Machines, Antique Sewing Machines

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Initially, sewing machines were manufactured for garment factory production lines, allowing for clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. It was French tailor Barthelemy Thimonnier who invented the first functioning sewing machine in 1830 for use in his garment factory.

This original machine used only one thread and a hooked needle for a chain stitch. His factory was burnt down and he was nearly killed by an angry mob of French tailors who were afraid his machines would leave them unemployed. A few years later in America, Walter Hunt shared the same fears, and abandoned the work to patent his own version of a straight-seam sewing machine. The fears were unfounded, as industrial sewing machines created multiple job opportunities worldwide.

Modern garment factories incorporate the same mass production techniques as other industries, with each workstation completing one part of the overall job. Industrial sewing machines are generally designed to perform one specific sewing function such as embroidery. Machines with different functions are operated to complete clothing items in a production line. Marketing to individuals didn’t begin until 1889, allowing for women to have the means to create clothing for their family without the labor-intensive hand stitching. The domestic sewing machine used in the home is manufactured to perform many tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, as well as stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing.

Industrial sewing machines, like their domestic counterparts for the home, were created to simplify and speed up the otherwise labor-intensive hand stitching. The domestic sewing machine is manufactured to perform many tasks from sewing straight or zigzag stitches and the creation of buttonholes, as well as stitching buttons on to the piece of clothing. Sewing machines were adapted for use in industrial settings, allowing for clothing to become uniformly mass-produced. The industrial sewing machines are generally designed to perform a specific sewing function such as embroidery or applying buttonholes. Companies from all over the world manufacture industrial sewing machines with very basic features as well as higher-end computer operated models.

A variety of machines with different functions are operated to complete clothing items in a production line. A few examples would be a Bag Closer sewing machine which is used for sewing a single thread chain-stitch, a high-speed plain sewer is used for stitching seems and double needle machines are used for adding top stitching details to items like jeans.

Walking foot machines are invaluable for quilting and sewing coats, as it keeps the fabric moving along without bunching and making for a smoother and faster production. Overlock serger sewing machines, which are also available in smaller versions for the home, create the whipped V stitch along the edge of a seam of T-shirts and other stretchable fabrics.

SLAS A Brief History of Rugs and Carpets

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Rugs and carpets have a rich history, only part of which is known. Ancient rugs are very rare because the earliest rugs were made of organic fibers. Organic fibers disintegrate speedily over time, thus preservation over thousands of years is extremely rare. What we do know is that the art of weaving is very old and dates back thousands of years.

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Rugs and carpets have a rich history, only part of which is known. Ancient rugs are very rare because the earliest rugs were made of organic fibers. Organic fibers disintegrate speedily over time, thus preservation over thousands of years is extremely rare. What we do know is that the art of weaving is very old and dates back thousands of years.

Weaving began with rough, simple mats and baskets made of grasses, reeds, leaves, and other natural materials. The first true rugs were probably rough cured skins used as floor coverings in the homes of early hunters. With tough, flexible backing and generally soft material (called pile), these rugs served to keep the home more warm and insulated.

There is evidence for weaving and the existence of rugs in ancient Mesopotamia and Turkey as far back as 7000 and 8000 B.C.E., and in Egypt (wool and cotton) as early as the third millennium B.C.E. Mongolia and China were also main players in the textile industry, and nomadic herders and Chinese weavers were among the first to develop and weave wool rugs.

Weaving developed in many other parts of the world in addition to Europe, including parts of the Americas as far back as 5500 B.C.E. Weavers began to use natural colors and gradually transitioned to using vegetable, flower, and insect materials.

Silk development in China, the ornate, intricate embroidery and designs of Turkey and Mongolia, and the development of more sophisticated looms and weaving techniques throughout the world lifted rug-making from necessity to art form.

Italian merchants first brought oriental rugs to Europe, where they were used as wall hangings and coverings. By 1600, France had developed a dominant weavers guild, and England wasnt far behind. The 1700s marked Englands emergence into the weaving industry, and by about 1830, a good portion of the wool produced in England was used for carpets.

Various machines were created to aid the process of weaving, and looms have become so sophisticated today that they run off of computer algorithms. Rugs were not widely available in the US and Europe until the onset of mass production and the invention of industrial grade machines.

The first steam-powered loom appeared in 1787, and by 1876, the invention of the Axminster loom, a machine that permitted unlimited use of color and design, boosted the production of carpets. The advent of synthetic fibers and tufted carpet (carpet manufactured by the insertion of tufts of yarn through a carpet-backing fabric) made mass production and purchase of carpets easier, faster, and less expensive.


SLAS Main stages of repair works in the apartment.

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How to begin repair works of the apartment?
The first stage of the repair of old apartments is the destruction and dismantling first of all of the dilapidated walls and partition walls, removing the wall and ceiling coating. This stage is one of the most “dirty” stages of the repair.

decorations, painting, flooring, linen, doors, wiring, installation

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How to begin repair works of the apartment?

The first stage of the repair of old apartments is the destruction and dismantling first of all of the dilapidated walls and partition walls, removing the wall and ceiling coating. This stage is one of the most “dirty” stages of the repair.

One more among the most important and “dusty” works is the window block replacement. It is necessary to do this first of all because dirt and dust will be unallowable during following stages and it is prohibited at all to open windows during painting and wallpaper works (large drops of the temperature and moisture are unallowable). After mounting windows and windowsills it is necessary to pack them immediately in polyethylene film and to cover windowsills in addition by the fiberboard (in order to prevent scratches).

The following stage is wiring. Wiring can be installed in walls or along the floor. Wiring is made inside the pipes to ensure electrical safety and increase reliability. The pipe protects wiring from external damages and allows to replace the wire completely without breaking walls and floor simply by inserting the new wire instead of the old one.

House Painting follows the wiring. The frequent mistake during the simultaneous conducting of such works occurs when workers forget to lay out one of the cables and house painters have already plastered and smoothed out the wall. As a result, additional works are necessary to seal chases on the finished wall. The places of the feed switch and wall outlet location and their number must be thought-out in advance. The scheme of power wiring is usually included into the design project.

Later on the system must be ready to service in case of failures. In addition to the wirings, the telephone cable and the TV cable are laid out. The power cable should not be laid out near the telephone and antenna cables to avoid noise pickup and interference. The most peculiar moment is laying out the TV cable. In order to make two (or three) TV sets in the apartment the second cable is often simply “firmly soldered” in parallel, so the cable resistance is lowered. As a result, the display quality is deteriorated, many programs can’t be received and etc. In order to avoid such situation it is necessary to invite a specialist with special equipment. He will measure the signal level of the each TV-feeder and install TV-amplifiers or TV-filters.

Painting is the most long-term process, that is why it is conducted simultaneously in all premises, if it is possible. Delays are linked with the technology. Each applied layer of the plaster (or filling in finishing) must dry completely before the work will continue.

Works in sanitary arrangements and the kitchen begin simultaneously with house painting. It is better to fulfill so-called “dirty” works in the first place and simultaneously. In accordance with the plan of the sanitary technician location welding, wall chasing and pipe run are conducted. Steam radiator admissions are prepared, taps and brackets are mounted, but radiators are not installed.

Then works in sanitary arrangements are conducted according to the plan. The bath is mounted, then walls are smoothed out and the tile is laid on walls. The following stage is assembling ceiling and laying tiles on the floor. And at last other sanitary devices, mixers and accessories are mounted.

After wiring, installation of rosette plates and terminal boxes the voltage is checked in all point. Ends of wiring are insulated and laid out into rosette plates. Sockets and breakers are not installed during this stage in order to save their surface appearance. The finish puttying of walls is conducted simultaneously. The technologically exact control of drying of the layer of the plaster (filling) is carried out by drymeter. It is a special instrument that measures moisture of the material.

The following stage is the process of fill. Fill can be made with different materials – from usual masonry cement-sand mixture to self-aligning floors. The advantage of the simple mixture is its cheapness, the disadvantage is that such mixture is much harder aligned at the level and the final dry time of such fill is 40 days, only then the next stage of the work with floor can be conducted, i.e. the period is too long. Self-leveling self-aligning floors are much more expensive, but more technological. Aligning occurs almost “automatically” i.e. fluid solution of mixture is poured out, then it runs and you receive the horizontal surface. The final dry time is 15 days i.e. you have significant time economy. The system “warm floor” is installed into the fill. If the so-called “wet processes” are inapplicable the technology of the dry aligning (the fill technology) is used bases for floors with adjustable floor battens are mounted.

After fill door boxes and door are installed. Installation of doors must take into the account thickness of future floor covering. After installation the door can be taken off its hinges and removed until the end of repair or packed into polyethylene film to protect from damages. Simultaneously ceiling can be painted and the tile can be laid in that premises where it was planned. The tile must be laid on the absolutely dry overlay.

Finishing of the floor mounting depends on the planned covering. In most cases (if finish covering is not the tile) fill is covered by bitumen mastic and plywood sheets are laid. They are fixed to the floor by self-tapping screws. One plywood sheet is fixed by 30-50 self-tapping screws to provide the close fixing of plywood and long-term service of the floor without squeak and bulging. The plywood gives the additional heat- and acoustic insulation. After mounting of the plywood is finished, wallpaper for painting can be pasted on walls.

In premises where finish covering of the floor is laminated flooring or parquet hoard, the ordinary wallpapers are pasted (not for painting) in the first place. Then the floor covering is mounted.

If finish covering of the floor is the block parquet, the parquet is laid in the first place, then it is scraped and covered by one layer of lacquer. After this the ordinary wall-papers are pasted and the parquet is covered by the rest layers of lacquer (depending on the quality of the parquet and lacquer). The mentioned consequence is linked only with such scrambling process when the great amount of dust is created. In spite of the fact that good floor grinders are equipped with the vacuum cleaner, the sufficient amount of dust is precipitated on surrounding subjects including walls. Dust is very acerbic and is badly washed off. That is why in order not to damage wallpapers, they are pasted after scrambling and in order the parquet do not absorb the surplus moisture it is covered by the one layer of lacquer before wallpaper pasting.

After this the main works can be considered to be finished. It is left only to install the plinths, decorative elements, breakers and sockets, curtain holders, to hang doors, plant-bands and others.

In conclusion it is necessary to note that the sequence of works was listed in general and can change depending on the definite situation – the number of rooms in premise, your resources, peculiarities of the construction of the multilevel premises. It is based on common sense and every person capable of analysis can independently create such a sequence.

Low Carb and Lowfat Diets…A Scam?!

If anyone knows anything about fitness, it’s that a low fat diet is the healthiest way to avoid serious diseases, right? Maybe wrong.
In many instances quality research has shown just the opposite…that a low fat diet, sometimes even a vegetarian diet, can be harmful to your health. Although vegetarian and low-fat diets have been proven to reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels, they have not demonstrated significant reductions in deaths from any disease.
The Low-Fat Approach
Popular diets of today encouraging low-fat approaches, such as the diets of Dr. Pritkin, Dr. Ornish, Macrobiotics, and Weight Watchers, are generally effective with weight-loss and reduction in blood fats. The low-fat approach has even been proven to overcome serious illness successfully.
But the majority of dieters find these plans difficult to stick with. And most research trials have not shown these diets effective in decreasing death rates from diseases in general, long-term.
Fats in a meal make you feel more ‘full’. They slow the time it takes for your stomach to empty, thus ensuring you will not feel hungry too soon.
Generally, high-carb, low-fat meals have the opposite effect. The stomach empties quicker and insulin levels increase following the meal. This means you may be hungry sooner than you’d like.
Research shows the higher insulin levels of a low-fat, high-carb diet may predispose you to adult onset diabetes, hypoglycemia, and even heart disease.
Click here for more information on 9 Best Cloud Hosting Providers and Services Dynomoon. Or click here if you’re looking for information on How to Delete Messages on iPhone for both people The Best Way 2022.These diets claim that limiting carbs, like sugars, grains, fruits, and some vegetables, is the solution. The Atkins Diet, South Beach Diet, and even the Zone Diet all suggest if you cut out the carbs or have a balance of fat/carbs/protein in every meal, you will experience weight loss and better health. Many dedicated dieters find this to be true.
Although a low-carb diet can cause weight loss, the goal of any program should be life long radiant health. It is still up for debate if this approach leads to any significant health advantages. It is possible to hasten heart disease, arthritis, cancer, and aging with a diet too high in the wrong fats and too low in essential nutrients from various fruits and veggies.
Many health care professionals find it difficult to prescribe to either of the above theories. If there is no definitive answer in either direction that is indisputable, then there must be a middle ground.
A Healthy Solution for Everyone
It is difficult to imagine that reducing intake of the wonderful fruits and vegetables that keep people well is the way to a healthy future. Research will back this up. The average American already ingests too little fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other factors present in whole, unprocessed fruits and vegetables.
In much of our history, it was rare to have many of the diseases we live with today. Most people in native cultures eating diets dictated by availability experienced vibrant health. Their death was caused by accidents, bacterial or viral diseases, or by old age. Very few died of our number one killers: cardiovascular disease and cancer.
People did not begin to experience heart disease and cancer in such great numbers until the advent of our more modern diet and lifestyle customs.
These “advances” included:

growing and eating more grains
discovering how to ‘refine’ and ‘preserve’ foods to extend shelf-life
consuming sugar and ‘simple’ carbohydrates
pasteurizing and homogenizing dairy products

With the human tampering of food overall health took an undeniable turn for the worse.
Almost exclusively we now eat, even in so called ‘healthy’ or ‘organic’ foods, the following: refined products, products with added sugar, preservatives, additives, petroleum products, animal products laden with antibiotics and hormones, and animals that are fed diets that they would never eat in the wild (wild cattle do not eat other cattle, poultry by-products, or even grains; cattle eat grass).
Native cultures worldwide, before being indoctrinated with more westernized food choices, eat remarkably similar diets.
Since many food products spoil without refrigeration or freezing, most people fermented their foods. This supplies necessary probiotic bacteria, which many people supplement with today since we eat natural fermented foods so infrequently.
Whether or not they inhabited the same regions, most people ate a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and animal products in season. Very few societies tip the scales by eating mostly animal products (Inuit cultures) or mostly vegetarian (a few tribes in Africa and South America).
The similarities that bind the historical human diet together are:

A diet based on fresh or fermented whole, unrefined foods
A diet high in essential fatty acids with an omega 6 to omega 3 ratio of 4:1 (current US diets have a ratio of 16:1)
A diet where spirituality around food is more meaningful than the material
A diet with 10 times the level of fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K)
A diet lower in total calories overall

Wisdom passed down through the ages says that a varied diet with foods found abundant in nature is best. In almost all cultures this means a diet, as available, of fresh or dried wild meats and fish, fermented cheeses, fresh whole or fermented milk, butter, eggs, fresh, dried, or fermented fruits, fresh or fermented vegetables, whole grains (these were fermented normally, even if dried), some beans, and water or fermented beverages to drink.
It is interesting to note that instead of eating fresh foods or those naturally fermented, we chose to cook or destroy what could spoil in our foods then add additives and preservatives. Are these ‘foods’ as digestible? Do they supply the same nutrients? Does the magic number of carbohydrates versus fats or proteins really matter? What if the answer lies in ancient wisdom and thousands of years of knowledge?
Something to think about.

SLAS Luxury Outdoor Rooms

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For the best Patios Dublin company, call Sandyford Landscaping Dublin.

This article informs the reader about outdoor room options and the amenities that can be included.

luxury, home, home improvement, outdoor, patio, lifestyle

To find the best Patios Dublin company, click here for Sandyford Landscaping Dublin.
As the controversial real estate bubble tumbles toward its imminent burst, homeowners look for new ways to increase their home’s value. In the past, you could slap some paint on a wall and bam, instant home improvement. As more and more people choose to spend time at home versus going out, they want their homes, or at least certain areas, to feel like a retreat – their own private oasis.

According to research from the Propane Education & Research Council PERC, 35 percent of homeowners surveyed currently have a finished outdoor room and one in three of those homeowners who do not 34 percent plan to design and furnish an outdoor room by spring 2007. When you apply this data to everyone, more than half of United States homes could have an outdoor entertaining area some time next year.

We are seeing a big trend in people investing in the outdoor living areas, said Leslie Wheeler, Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association Director of Communication. With more people looking for ways to enhance their homes, it isn’t surprising that they are turning to their backyards, decks and patios. Homeowners want all the conveniences of an indoor kitchen outdoors such as an island complete with refrigerator, grill, sink and countertop surface.

There are wonderful products on the market today to extend the outdoor living season and make outdoor living comfortable and enjoyable. Most consumers who invest in an outdoor living and entertaining area think that their investment with yield a return, should they decide to sell their home or borrow against it. Industry professionals interviewed for Designing Out: The Home Lifestyle Report agree that a home’s outdoor space can add as much as 30 percent to the total value of a property.

Lifestyle factors are also driving consumer demand for outdoor living spaces, with 50 percent of survey respondents saying they spend more time at home than they did five years ago. Survey respondents also said that relaxation and wanting to spend more time outside were the primary drivers for an outdoor room, with entertaining coming in a surprising last among the top five reasons listed.

If you’re just hearing about this trend and are not sure where to start, Katherine Whiteside, best-selling garden and cookbook author advises people to start simply. By definition, an outdoor room is simply an outdoor area that homeowners can use for relaxing, cooking and entertaining, said Whiteside. By adding some furniture and propane appliances to an existing patio, garden or deck, you have the beginnings of a great outdoor room.
When planning your outside room, Whiteside recommends paying attention to your climate.

Think about protection from the elements: sun, rain and cold. Use a market umbrella or a canopy hung with mosquito netting to protect yourself from sun and rain. But what happens when the evenings get cold? Consider a propane tabletop heater. At 3 feet tall, they can heat up to 5 feet in diameter. Outdoor Leisure just came out with a spectacular Bistro Tabletop Heater with a hammered bronze powder finish. The same company also offers a gas light patio heater. If you have the space, install a propane fire pit, which can be used during spark bans and is marvelous for putting your feet up while stargazing.

Protection from the elements leads right into comfort. You have to be warm, said Whiteside, so think about installing a porch floor with propane radiant heating. You need a place to sit down, so think about comfortable furniture. And if you live in an area near water, bugs are a consideration. A propane mosquito chaser can keep pesky insects away from you and your guests.

No outdoor room would be complete without a place to dine and a grill. Today’s propane grills come with all sorts of accessories that make creating appetizers and a main course a snap. You can get a rotisserie, a grill with a burner next to it, even woks. And, if you have three or more propane-fueled appliances, consider putting in an underground tank, so there are no unsightly above-ground tanks and you won’t have to worry about running out of fuel during your backyard party.

The industry’s top-selling appliances in the outdoor living category mirror the preferences of PERC’s survey respondents and Whiteside’s suggestions. After outdoor lighting 94 percent, other propane appliances dominate the list of must-have accessories: 86 percent of those surveyed said gas grills and mosquito eliminators were a necessity, followed by outdoor fireplaces 67 percent and patio heaters 53 percent.

Whether you live in a shoebox or a Mediterranean oceanfront mansion, outdoor rooms have taken the forefront and summer is the perfect time to clean up your backyard and transform it into an outdoor living space where your children can play and you can relax or entertain friends. One ay to improve the value of the backyard is to add an attractive and functional structure, such as a gazebo, pavilion, poolside cabana, or playhouse – even a yoga hut, artist’s studio, dog house, music practice room, hobby workshop, or any other private retreat.

Another possibility is to build a backyard home office, away from the distractions of the house.
No matter how large or small your yard, a water garden, pond or fountain is a great way to create a tranquil getaway just feet away from your back door.

Steve Sandalis, owner of Mystic Water Gardens in Los Angeles who has a large celebrity following, believes adding a water feature brings a peaceful element to any backyard, and in his opinion,the bigger, the better. Consider making your water feature bigger, he said, allowing it to meander through the backyard rather than being tucked away in the corner. It will create a stunning environment in which to live and relax.

Before you buy materials, determine the size of the water feature you want. Steve suggests going a little bigger than what you think will be the right size because once the landscaping grows and fills in, your water feature shrinks. To create a low maintenance water feature construct your feature that is essential an ecosystem that works with Mother Nature and not against it. The water features that we build use a biological filter and a mechanical skimmer that cuts down on the maintenance, Sandalis said.

Create a water feature that is placed strategically in the yard so you can view it from the inside, creating year-round enjoyment. If you have children and concerned about water safety, Sandalis recommends a pondless waterfall. We create features with very little depth, making it much safer for the entire family to enjoy. Water plants add a natural touch to water features. Sandalis says to keep the water clean from algae because plants absorb nutrients in the water.

When it comes to outdoor furnishings, not all products are created equally. Some are designed for specific climates and are more durable than others. You can spend a little or a lot. With so many options, and every manufacturer claiming their product is high-end and the best on the market, making a decision is nerve-wracking. We’ve taken the guesswork out of planning your backyard entertaining area or retreat with these luxury picks.
Tabletop Lantern Heaters by Outdoor Leisure Depending on where you live, you just might need a little heat on a cool summer evening.

As we move into fall, a heater will allow you to enjoy your outdoor space even longer. We like these brand-new, patio and tabletop lantern heaters from Outdoor Leisure that are heads and tails better than the usual mushroom heaters.

Cal Flame MC700 We love the Cal Flame MC700 barbecue island. It’s a part of the Master Chef Series, which is designed for the frequent barbecue cook who requires bar seating and counter space for dining and entertaining. The Series is mid-priced with numerous options that enable the consumer to create a convenient outdoor kitchen facility. The MC700 has a U-shaped countertop around the grill. It comes with a 2-burner grill (option of natural gas or liquid propane), tile top and stucco base and single-door under-counter storage. Available options include up to a 5-burner Convection grill, beverage tap, refrigerator, food warmer, side burner, LED lighting, entertainment system and built-in waterfall.

Kalamazoo Outdoor Gourmet Another great grill manufacturer is Kalamazoo Outdoor Gourmet, a company that has been making high-end grills, outdoor kitchens and recently, a martini bar, for 100 years. In addition to their awesome free-standing grills, Kalamazoo will literally build the kitchen of your dreams outdoors. The entire system stands fully finished in stainless steel and on its own leveling legs.

They will also integrate your kitchen into stone surrounds, outdoor enclosures or other hardscape treatments. Every outdoor kitchen cabinet door and drawer opening is surrounded by its own rain gutter, so any items you store inside will remain clean and dry no matter what the weather. Hand-crafted entirely of 304 and 316 stainless steel, including all hinges, handles, drawer glides and other hardware, your outdoor kitchen will withstand the elements and look beautiful for a lifetime.